Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic (GRP) was established in 2000. In 2004, it was transferred by the Guangzhou Railway (Group) Corporation to the Government of Guangzhou Municipality for management. It is the only full-time polytechnic in Guangdong Province that is aiming at cultivating professional talents in railway transportation. In 2010, it was identified as backbone polytechnics construction unit of "National Demonstration Polytechnics Construction Plan". In 2016, it became backbone polytechnics of "National Demonstration Polytechnics Construction Plan".
The Institute is located at "Shimen Fanzhao" scenic spot, one of the Eight Sights of Yangcheng, Guangzhou. There are Shimen, Yangcheng, Zhixin South Campus and Chaoyang Training Center, Huadu work-integrated learning demonstration district. The Institute covers various types of land of 314.86 acres with more than 160 thousand square meters for dormitories. There are 7,562 full-time ordinary polytechnic students.
The Institute has nine teaching colleges or departments, including Railway Transportation College, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College, Transportation Logistics Management College, Department of Economic Management, Department of Information Engineering, Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Department of Fundamental Courses, Department of Ideological and Political Education, and College of Continuing Education. Based on the construction thinking of improving railway transportation programs, strengthening advanced manufacturing programs, refining electronic information programs, consolidating modern service programs, the Institute set up 34 programs to recruit students from Guangdong, Hunan, Sichuan, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Anhui, Yunnan, Hainan and other 17 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, and established correspondingly the profession guide committee attended by well-known experts in the industries.
The Institute adheres to running school openly and pay attention to foreign exchanges and cooperation. It continues to expand faculty training, academic exchanges, internships, exchange students, international students and research cooperation projects. The Institute established Guangzhou "double transfer" custom training institution, national professional skills appraisal institution and railway special work professional skills appraisal institution, becoming an important southern training base for applied talents of railway transportation enterprises.
The Institute gives full play to the dual advantages of industry education background and government-run education, adheres to the theory on school management of "running school by quality, strengthening school by talents, flourishing school by characteristics, casting school by culture", follows the road of running school by characteristics, strengthening school by quality, flourishing school by advantages, cultivates high-quality skilled personnel with high moral character, superb skills, innovation and endeavour, explores the practice of "integration of teaching and business and to learn from work" personnel training model, and makes unremitting endeavours for the construction of railway transportation characteristic, domestic first-class and high levelled national backbone and provincial demonstration polytechnics.